Alexandria is situated on the West Verge of the Nile Delta between the Mediterranean Sea and Mariut Lake. It is considered the second most important city and the main port in Egypt. It handlesover three quarters of Egypt’s foreign trade. Alexandria port consists of two harbors (East and West) separated by a T-shaped peninsula. The first part is for general cargo and the second part is for wood and bulk trade, and the East harbor is shallow and is not used in navigation. The Westharbor is used for commercial shipping. The harbor is formed by two converging breakwaters.
The First Zone :
It extends from maritime force borders up to gate number 2 customs. It consists of many maritime quays starting from quay 1 up to quay 14/16 of length 1734.9 m
The Second Zone :
Is situated between berths 16 and 28 deals with 4 types of activities: unified cargoes including RoRo, passengers' terminal, stuffed bulk cargoes, and barge discharge.
The Third Zone :
It is located between berth 35 and the end of the military berth 47. New buildings were established after the development. The type of handled cargo in this area is general cargo.
The Fourth Zone :
Is located between berths 49 and 67, and is used for handling containers, cement, coal, barge discharge carrying general cargo, fertilizers, and general cargo.
The Fifth Zone :
The borders of this area extend from gate no.36 customs with petroleum dock border including maritime berths from zone 71(a) and 85/2, and is used for handling: molasses, timber, some types of general cargoes, barge discharge, grains and flour.
The Sixth Zone (Oil Dock) :
Is situated at the western boundaries of the port, encompasses oil berths 87/1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and is used for handling edible oil, oil products and for providing bunkers. It also includes berth 86 situated at the port’s limits, used for handling livestock. The ports does not include oil storage facilities, but oil berths are connected to a refinery through a 2 km. long pipeline , no main terminals, store houses and yards are found in the sixth zone.
Port Specifications :
|Water Area||6.8 sq.km approximately|
|Land Area||1.6 sq.km approximately|
|Customs Zone||0.9 sq.km.|
|Maximum Port Length||4.8 km.|
|Maximum Port Width||2 km|
|Total Area||8.4 sq.km approximately|
Maximum Capacity 36.8 million ton/year details as follows:
- General Cargo : 17.8 million ton.
- Dry Bulk : 10.8 million ton.
- Liquefied Bulk : 4.3 million ton.
- Containerized Cargo : 3.9 million ton.
- TEU Capacity : 500000
Large Strait: 2000 m. Length, 220 m. width, 14 m. depth.
Small Strait: 1600 m. length, 100 m. width, 9 m. depth.
The port is protected by sea stuns, and two converging breakwaters. The entrance breadth is 400m. Approximately. The port is divided into two harbors separated by coal berths and the inner breakwater. The first harbor is called the inner dock and the second harbor is called the outer harbor with a water area of 600 hectares. The first harbor is used for handling general cargo while the second harbor is used for oil and bulk cargo traffic. Pilotage is compulsory for vessels arriving and departing the port. The approach area is 3nm away from the straight entrance, and its depth varies from 30-35 m and the average water density is 1.3g/cm3.
Pilotage is compulsory for all types of vessels except that of tonnage less than 300 tons. Pilots board in the designated waiting area to pilot the ship inside to the outer harbor anchorage area, through fairways, inside the inner anchorage area and throughout maneuverings.
Tugboats are available at the Alexandria port (vessels with length less than 275 ft. are not tugged).
Alexandria Port Berth :
|Oil & Petrol||5|
|The New Berth of Containers (H.P.H)||3|
|Ship's Repair (Alex Arsenal)||2|